The Human Genome Project (HGP) was completed in 2003. This project took 13 years to complete and was coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institute of Health. The goal of the Human Genome Project was to identify all the genes in the human DNA. In the end, there were only 20,000 to 25,000 gene in the human DNA. The next goal of the Human Genome Project is to determine the sequence of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up the human DNA. Another goal is to store this information in databases, and to improve the tools for data analysis. In addition to this, another goal is to address the ethical, legal, and social issues that would arise from the Human Genome Project.

However, although the Human Genome Project is completed the analysis of the data will continue for many years. From this project, we now know that the human genome contains 3164.7 million nucleotides. We also know that the average gene contains 3000 bases but the size of the gene can vary. They have also discovered that there are a total of 30,000 genes and that almost 99.9% of the nucleotide bases are exactly the same in all people. In addition, the functions are unknown for over 50% of discovered genes. Thus, the HGP leaves much to be desired, and further research can help us comprehend more about genes and DNA.

external image geno-nhgri.jpg

external image cell-to-DNA.jpeg</span>